Here is your Agile Transformation sir, I even put a ribbon on the box…
I enjoy reading the opinions and debates within the Agile community on social media, even contributing from time to time. Of late a few articles have stood out, maybe it is because I am seeing a growing trend of concern, concern for ourselves. The deepest concerns focus on the topics of “selling Agile” and “imposing Agile”, although I feel the question of imposing agile is related, in part, to resenting a revenue stream that others are achieving through “Selling Agile”.
Agile, at its heart is about feedback, about giving back and learning. Those who initially consolidated their ideas down into a written manifesto did for the best of intentions, the second line of the manifesto even states “… and helping others do it”. The point here is that the concept of Agile approach is a gift, for all. It was never created to make money.
There are very few things that have been created and given away for the betterment of the world, Penicillin is the poster child, but the concept of the internet could also be considered. The problem is what happens next – look how much money is now made from the internet. Wherever there is the opportunity to make money, someone will attempt to, and the more successful they are at doing it, the more others will be encouraged to follow.
Tragically Agile has moved from a theoretical ideology backed with a reasonable description, to a commodity. There are many many people bemoaning this slow transition, nearly all of whom are culpable – myself included. As they invested their time and efforts to gain skills and experience in this new concept, they needed to feed their families and pay their mortgages and started to sell what they had; in the knowledge that was “valuable”… You can either sell a service or a product. A service is customised to the client and is typically high value but being so customised is not very scalable, it can’t be resold. Products on the other hand are consumer agnostic, one iPhone X is the same as another. Products are much cheaper than services, but they leverage economies of scale to enable huge profits. This is what has slowly happened.
There is now an “Agile Industry”. This used to be a few independent consultants contracting into organisations to support their self improvement along Agile principles, that work slowly morphed into what we call an Agile Coach. Then came engagements with larger organisations that required more work and the concept of the Agile transformation started turning up and that introduced the money pot of Agile training. The final step in the transition to a commodity was the certification; which is really an attempt to patent an idea. Now we have a multi-million pound industry ranging from independent consultants to large dedicated organisations selling transformation. The ultimate Agile product is the “Scaled solution” a highly comprehensive, easy to understand, standardised, easy to pitch, silver bullet offering rainbows and unicorns to all….
The problem with the product of “Agile” though, is that while most know of it, and everyone wants it, very few really know what really good feels like. We are now in the incredulous place with some massive multinationals investing in “Scaled solutions for Enterprise Agile Transformation” not because they really know what it is or means for them, but because other companies near them are investing in it. These companies are buying into their competitors decisions without actually having any competitor results to compare against. All companies want to improve, but few will naturally invite change because that is disruptive and risky, so if someone offers improvement, without making any necessary changes clear, then it is tempting to buy it. People are buying a transformation where nothing changes, a real twenty-first century emperor’s new clothes.
This is the salesman’s dream, the ability to sell something to someone who will buy it only because someone else has. If you can sell something without needed to tie a value return to your product then you can make millions, and millions are being made.
This is not to say that I don’t believe that an organisation becoming more Agile will be beneficial to them, I am just deeply uncomfortable that I can sell promises and dreams, and retire rich; free from the responsibility to ensure that those promises come true. If you don’t have to worry about the success of your product then you can afford to tailor your offering to maximise profits, which typically will mean to standardise the offering, shift it from a service to a product. To refer to a great Dan North quote, “Behaviours are practices in a context”; to get the desired behaviours you need to tailor your practices or change your context, or ideally a bit of both. However if you are selling a standard product then you need to be context agnostic, which means the results will be extremely variable.
Having worked in numerous organisations trying to make things better, I have concentrated on introducing practice at the bottom and changing my context through engaging at the top. If you can’t engage high enough in the organisation then you’ll struggle to impact the context you are working in, and the culture slowly erodes your efforts. If you only engage at the top, then the practices you are advocating will feel imposed and inappropriate which will manifest as resistance and failure. In my experience the lasting changes come from bottom up activity, enabled with top down intent based leadership, you need both. Importantly both come from within. It’s really quite hard to do this from outside and impossible to do without a locally customised approach.
I recently have had the opportunity to discuss Agile transformation with some of the top management consultancies. They are rightly reluctant to engage in snake oil promises to their prestigious clients, their reputation is worth too much to risk and they have seen their more delivery focused competitors flounder and suffer through overly commoditised transformation initiatives. However all are now feeling there is opportunity here; whether they themselves have the sufficient business agility to adapt their typically structured engagement models to support the more adaptive, immersive approach necessary to achieve real value change, is yet to be seen. If you start with the premise that we can do a rapid assessment followed by some clear structural and process changes where the constraints to success are your own innate talent and efforts, then I struggle to believe you be successful. Things are likely to be different, but better?
If you want to help an organisation to become more Agile I firmly believe you need to have skin in the game of the improvement, you can do this as an external contractor, or a team of consultants but in both cases these people need to get inside the organisation, to be part of it. It is more of an experience based model than an assessment based one. Change comes from within, you can’t impose it from the outside. If you as a person want to be happier then that comes from within, from the outside I can dress you in jolly colours and paint a smile on your face but on stepping back, I now just have a sad clown.
The Agile industry isn’t really selling Agile, what is being sold is an ingredient in a recipe for success that also requires a lot of time, a lot of effort from within and no small amount of discomfort, but that doesn’t seem to sell quite as well. We aren’t selling cakes, we are selling flour, and the buyers need to be informed they’ll have to break some eggs to get any benefit.
Comments are welcomed – even criticism. It is only through feedback that we learn.
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